Visiting Places

 

 
 

Srinagar

Founded in:

631 AD

Founder:

Pravarasena-II

Altitude:

1,730 m.

Temperature:

Summer 29.5 C (Max) 10.6 C (Min), winter 7.3 C (Max) -1.9 C (Min)

Population:

930136 (2001 Census)

Best Season:

Throughout the year, though the winter months are quite cold

Clothing:

Light woolens during spring and autumn while Cotton in summer and Heavy woolens in winter.

Languages Spoken:

Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, and English

 

Srinagar Located in the center of the Kashmir valley, the district of Srinagar towers at a height of 1,730 m above sea level. King Pravarasena-II founded the Srinagar city over 2000 years ago. The Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang, who visited Kashmir in 631 AD, found Srinagar at the same place where it stands today. The rule of Hindu kings in Kashmir ended in 1339, with the last ruler being Laltaditya Muktapida. From 1420-1470, the valley came under the rule of King Zain-ul-Abidin, popularly known as Budshah. Some time later, Mughal Emperor Akbar annexed Srinagar and included it in his own territory. Come and explore some more fascinating aspects of Srinagar with us!
It was during the rule of Akbar only that the district got the striking mosques and gardens that it now proudly boasts of. The last one of the Muslim rulers of Srinagar was overthrown by the Sikhs, under the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the year 1819. With time, the rule of the Sikhs ended and the Dogras gained the control of Kashmir from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar. After India became independent in the year 1947, the state of Jammu and Kashmir became a part of the Indian Union, with Srinagar as its capital. Since then Srinagar has been a prominent destination on the tourist map of India.
The district of Srinagar is situated on either sides of the Jhelum River, making its locales picturesque and beautiful. The major attractions of Srinagar travel include Dal Lake and Nagin Lake. Most of the houseboats (Shikaras) in Kashmir will be seen in these lakes only. The Mughal Gardens set up by various rulers of the Mughal dynasty further enhance the beauty of Srinagar. Other major draws of Srinagar are water sports activities, handcrafted souvenirs, amazing resort nearby etc.

Dal Lake

Dal Lake of KashmirDal lake of Kashmir is one of the most beautiful and picturesque lakes in India. It has been and continues to be a part of the poetry by some renowned poets. The second largest lake of Jammu and Kashmir state, Dal Lake is encircled by magnificent mountains on three sides. Adorning the banks of the Dal Lake is a number of blooming gardens and orchards. Five basins and a number of channels well linked with each other are some of the features of the lake. Dal Lake is approximately 6 km by 3 km in size and changes its moods and scenery after every few kilometers.

The embankments of Dal Lake also house a number of Mughal monuments and the campus of the University of Kashmir. Further beautifying the scenery of the lake are two hillocks that house the famous shrine of Shankaracharya and Hari Parbat temples. The other unique features of the Dal Lake are the famous Shikaras and Houseboats. Numerous houseboats line the lake, providing their guests with serene atmosphere and picturesque surroundings. The Shikaras provide ferry rides to and from the banks of the lake to the houseboats.
The Dal lake of Kashmir, India is divided into four parts by causeways, namely Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nagin. Scenery of this lake also consists of clusters of sloping roofed houses on its islands. Apart from being one of the greatest attractions of the valley, Dal Lake also supports the second largest industry of the region, fishing. The plethora of fishes in the lake provides occupation to a large number of people in the valley. It is believed Dal Lake originated from the Pleistocene Oligotrophic Lake, which at one point of time covered the entire Kashmir valley.


Nagin LakeWular Lake   Wular Lake is one of the largest of its kind in Asia. Boating on this lake adds more excitement to your trip to Kashmir. Fishing in this lake is an important occupation here. With the availability of species such as Common carp, Rosy barb, Mosquitofish, Chirruh snowtrout and Chush snowtrout you will be spoilt for choices when it comes to fishing.  


 

 

Hazratbal Shrine   The relics of prophet Mohammad are kept at Hazratbal Shrine. This is a sacred pilgrimage center for the Muslims and is located by the bank of Dal Lake. The name, Hazratbal has been derived from an Arabic word Hazrat, which means holy.

dargah, Hazratbal( Srinagar, Kashmir)

 Shankaracharya Temple   This temple is located on Gopadari Hills and on the hill top called Takht-e-Suleiman over an altitude of 1100ft in the southeastern part of Srinagar. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is considered to be one of the oldest shrines of  Kashmir Valley. You will have to trek to reach  the temple that was built by King Sandhiman, who belonged to the Gonanda dynasty.

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Khanqah-e-Molla It is believed that this shrine holds the secret of Allah and it is also famous by the name of Shah-e-Hamdan. Located by the bank of Jhelum, here you can see creative wooden architecture. This shrine was built in 1395 and till date is one of the most important tourist attractions in Srinagar.  

        

              Amarnath Yatra

Location:

Approximately 145 km from Srinagar

Dedicated to:

Lord Shiva

How to Reach:

The nearest airport is that of Badgam District, while the nearest railhead is that of Jammu. You can also undertake a trek to Amarnath from Pahalgam and Baltal.

Significance:

Naturally formed ice Shiva lingam

Time of Yatra:

July to August

·         AmarnathAmarnath Yatra in India is dedicated to Lord Shiva, one of the Trinity gods. The Amarnath shrine is located approximately 145 km from Srinagar, 4,175 m above sea level. The path leading to the holy cave of Amarnathji is inaccessible in the winters. This is because from September to June, the weather conditions in the area are extremely hostile and the path remains covered with snow. The Amar Nath pilgrimage tour from Kashmir is possible only in monsoons, i.e. from July to August.

The Amarnath yatra holds great significance for the devotees, especially of Lord Shiva. It is believed that an ice Shivalinga forms in the cave of Amarnath in every lunar month. The Shivalinga starts taking shape on the first day of the bright half of the month and forms fully on the full moon day and then begins to dissolve on the no moon day. There are four to five ice figures resembling various deities inside the Amarnath cave. As per the custom, the largest one is believed to be of Amarnath (Lord Shiva), one on its left of Lord Ganesha and ones on the right of Parvati and Bhairava respectively.

 

 

Gulmarg

Location:

Baramula District, 57 km from Srinagar

How to Reach:

The nearest airport is that of Badgam District, while the nearest railhead is that of Jammu. There is a bus stand at Batmallo from where you can get all sorts of transport to Srinagar.

Best time to Visit:

May to September and November to February

How to spend time/Attractions:

Golf, Trekking, Cable Car ride

Accommodation:

Hotels and JKTDC tourist huts

 

Gulmarg in KashmirGulmarg is one of the most splendid hill resorts in the country, falling in the Baramulla Distt of Kashmir. Initially, Gulmarg of Kashmir used to known by the name of "Gaurimarg", by the shepherds pasturing their herds. However, the present name of this hill resort dates back to the 16th century. Sultan Yusuf Shah, impressed with the stunning spectacle of the grassy hills adorned with colorful flowers, gave the name of "Gulmarg" to this beautiful hill station. Gulmarg hill station also served as the preferred rendezvous of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir. It is said that the emperor once collected 21 different varieties of flowers from here.

Gulmarg hill resort boasts of not only picturesque locales, but also of the highest golf course in the world. Situated at a height of 2,650 m, Gulmarg golf course is one of the major attractions of the awesome hill station. Along with that, Gulmarg is also quite famous as a skiing destination in winters. The drive to Gulmarg is as beautiful as the hill station itself. Alongside the road, the scenery changes from boulevard of poplar to smooth vastness of rice fields, sprinkled with some pleasing villages. The fir-covered hills characterize the ascent to Gulmarg, Kashmir. There is also a spot on the way to Gulmarg, known as "View Point", where tourist often stop to admire the breathtaking sight of snow capped mountains.

The drive to Gulmarg is filled with a number of colors, changing with the season. From the translucent green of spring to summer's rich emerald to autumn's golden hues, the scenery has something to offer in every season. The "Meadow of Flowers" counts amongst some of the best tourist spots of the world. Gul Marg tourism is famous not only for its awe-inspiring beauty, but for a number of other attractions also. You can also take a Gandola ride (cable car ride), taking the tourists up to Kongdori, to enjoy the magnificent sights of the meadow from the top. Also popular is a trek to Alpather Lake, approximately 13 km from Gulmarg. With the encircling forests of tall conifers, Gulmarg assumes an unparallel beauty. The hill resort of Gulmarg is rated as one of the unrivaled tourist spots in the world. You can also visit the famous shrine of Baba Reshi, a Muslim saint.

Sonamarg

Location:

Srinagar District

How to Reach:

The nearest airport is that of Badgam Distt, while the nearest railhead is that at Jammu. Bus services are available at Srinagar itself.

Best time to Visit:

May to September and November to February

How to spend time/Attractions:

Trekking, Alpine Skiing, Angling, Long walks, White water rafting, Sledging, Sightseeing, etc.

Accommodation:

Hotels, lodges, tourist huts and a Dak Bungalow

 

Sonamarg in KashmirSonamarg, also known as the "Golden Meadow", is situated at a height of 2740 m. The drive to this beautiful meadow is also as spectacular as the place itself. Driving through the Sindhu valley, you get to see another aspect of Kashmir. Encircled by snow-covered mountains, Sonamarg is a place of enchanting beauty. Surrounded by dense forests, full of sycamore and alpine flowers, silver birch, fir and pine, the meadow presents a captivating sight. The charm of Sonamarg hill station is further enhanced with the snow capped mountains as the backdrop and the Sindh River meandering through it.

The Nichnai Pass, near Sonamarg, offers a spectacular view of three lakes, Kishensar, Vishensar and Gangabal. These rivers also consist of some of the famous trekking destinations from Sonamarg. Then, there is the Zojila Pass, 20 km east of Sonamarg, standing at a height of 3540 m and leading into the Ladakh Plateau. Sonamarg hill station, also known as the "Gateway to Ladakh", is the take off station for the drive to Ladakh. A major attraction of Sonamarg is the Thajiwas range. Covered with pine, fir, and birch trees, the range provides a number of sites for camping. A number of waterfalls and the fascinating Thajiwas glacier are other attractions of this range.

Sonamarg serves as another base for undertaking the holy yatra of the Amarnath cave. The yatra is organized every year during the month of July-August. In Sonamarg, you will get to try many adventurous sports as well.

  • Trekking to Thajiwas Glacier, Pahalgam, etc
  • Sledging (at frozen glaciers)
  • Angling (license required)
  • Long walks in the jungles
  • Alpine Skiing
  • White Water Rafting